Redirecting...

Chapter 4

CURRICULUM

4.2 FORMAL SCHOOL DAY, INSTRUCTIONAL TIME AND TIME ALLOCATION PER SUBJECT

4.2.1Legislative and Policy Framework

ACTS

  • National Education Policy Act 27 of 1996 [NEPA] Section 3(4)(j)
    (See 4.2.1(b))
  • South African Schools Act 84 of 1996 [SASA]
  • Employment of Educators Act 76 of 1998 [EEA]

 

POLICIES

  • Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements for the respective subjects (Government Gazette No. 34600 of 12 September 2011) [CAPS]
  • National Policy pertaining to the Programme and Promotion Requirements of the National Curriculum Statement Grades R-12 (Government Gazette No. 34600 of 12 September 2011 as amended by Government Notices No.1496 and 1497 in Government Gazette, No. 40472 dated 2 December 2016)  [NPPPR]
  • National Protocol for Assessment Grades R-12 (Government Gazette No. 34600 of 12 September 2011) and amended as Government Notice No. 1115 and 1116, Government Gazette No. 36042 of 28 December 2012 [NPA]

 

GUIDELINES

  • Personnel Administration Measures [PAM] Chapter A 4.3.3

WesternCape

GUIDELINES

  • WCED Circular 0044/2012 – Regulations relating to the minimum Teaching Hours per School Week and School Day in Public Schools in the Western Cape [Reference B9 0044/2012 ]
  • WCED Institutional Development and Co-ordination Minutes 0001/2015: School Attendance by Grades 4 to 11 learners during and after the 2015 June and December Examinations [Reference B9 0001/2015]

4.2.2Framework for the Development of School Policy on Timetable Matters

  1. Instructional teaching time (Contact Time)
    The instructional teaching time is the total prescribed time to be spent per week on teaching the prescribed curriculum. The instructional teaching time therefore excludes time used for breaks, assembly, register periods and the teaching of any contents not prescribed by the curriculum, e.g. Bible or religious instruction (religious studies forms part of the prescribed curriculum for Life Orientation).
    NOTE: Party-political activities are not allowed during the formal school day. Such activities include campaigning, conducting of rallies, distribution of pamphlets and fliers, hanging or putting up of posters and banners. A member of a political party may not during the formal school day conduct party-political activities at a school. The display of party-political material is not allowed on school premises unless such material relates to the school’s curriculum (SA Schools Act Section 33A).

    Table 4.2.1
    Phase Grades Time
    Hours Minutes
    Foundation Phase R, 1 and 2 23
    Gr 3 25
    Intermediate Phase Gr 4, 5 and 6 27 30
    Senior Phase Gr 7, 8 and 9 27 30
    FET Phase Gr 10, 11 and 12 27 30
  2. Time allocation per subject
    Table 4.2.2
    Foundation Phase
    Subject Hours per week
    Grade R Grade 1 – 2 Grade 3
    Lang 1: Home Language Level 10 7/8 7/8
    Lang 2: First  Additional Lang Level 2/3 3/4
    Mathematics 7 7 7
    Life Skills 6 6 7
      Beginning Knowledge (1) (1) (2)
      Creative Arts (2) (2) (2)
      Physical Education (2) (2) (2)
      Personal and Social Well-being (1) (1) (1)
    TOTAL 23 23 25
    Table 4.2.3
    Intermediate Phase
    Subject Hours per week
    Home Language 6
    First  Additional Language 5
    Mathematics 6
    Social Sciences 3
    Natural Sciences and Technology 3.5
    Life Skills 4
    TOTAL 27.5
    Table 4.2.4
    Senior Phase
    Learning Area % of Instructional timein
    Table 4.2.1
    Time per week
    (hours & minutes)
    Gr 7-9
    Languages 25 6 hrs 52 min
    Mathematics 18 4 hrs 57 min
    Natural Sciences 13 3 hrs 35 min
    Social Sciences 12 3 hrs 18 min
    Technology 8 2 hrs 12 min
    Economic and Management Sciences 8 2 hrs 12 min
    Life Orientation 8 2 hrs 12 min
    Arts & Culture 8 2 hrs 12 min
    TOTAL 100 27 hrs 30 min
    Table 4.2.5
    Grades 10 – 12
    Subject % of Instructional time in
    Table 4.2.1
    Time per week
    (hours & minutes)
    Languages 1 16.4 4.5
    Language 2 16.4 4.5
    Mathematics or Mathematical Literacy 16.4 4.5
    Life Orientation 7.3 2.0
    Technology 8 2 hrs 12 min
    Three elective subjects 14.5 x 3 = 43.5 12 (3 x 4 hours)
    TOTAL 100 27.5
  3. Formal school day for learners
    The formal school day for learners includes the instructional teaching time, breaks, assembly, register periods and all non-prescribed teaching. The time used for breaks, assembly, register periods and all non-prescribed teaching is determined by the school. In the table below 3 hrs 45 min is used as an example.

    Table 4.2.6
    Grades Instructional Teaching Time
    (see Table 4.2.1)
    Formal School Day for Learners
    Grades R – 2 23 hrs 23hrs + 3hrs 45min = 26hrs 45min ÷ 5 = 5hrs 20min
    Grade 3 25 hrs 25hrs + 3hrs 45min = 28hrs 45min ÷ 5 = 5hrs 45min
    Grades 4 – 12 27 hrs 30 min 27hrs 30min + 3hrs 45min = 31hrs 15min ÷ 5 = 6hrs 15min
  4. Formal school day for teachers
    The formal school day for teachers is 7 hours (PAM).This includes the breaks and periods in which the learners are not at school. This means that the teacher’s time for admin work during the formal school day, is 7 hours less the learners’ formal school day, plus the off periods allocated to the teacher on the school’s timetable.
    The PAM also determines that a teacher must be able to account for 1 800 actual working hours per year. This includes the formal school day and 80 hours per year spent on professional development programmes. The school year (365 days less weekends, public and school holidays) varies between 200 and 210 days. This means that in the case of a 200-day school year, a teacher should spend 1 800 hrs divided by 200 = 9 hrs on work on each of the 200 days, or in the case of a 210-day school year, 8.5 hours per day. In other words, 1.5 to 2 hrs per day over and above the formal school day of 7 hours.