Chapter 14



14.6.1Legislative and Policy Framework


  • The South African Schools Act, No. 84 of 1996 [SASA]
  • Employment of Educators Act 76 of 1998 [EEA]



  • Integrated School Health Policy (2012) [NP ISH]

14.6.2Framework for the Development of School Policy on Building Healthy Alternatives

Many South African schools are so desperately under-resourced that extra-mural and extra-curricular activity has been limited. However, the value of extra-mural activities is becoming widely acknowledged. Sport, music, art and drama, to name but a few, provide physical and emotional outlets for young people and channel energies which in an environment of uncertainty and violence, could so easily lead to criminal and violent activity.

Being part of an active team, activity or organisation can help youth “rise above” their social circumstances. Art and music help youth to deal with trauma and deep-rooted psychological issues. Encouraging young people to express their thoughts and feelings through art, music or drama can have a tremendous impact on the school environment, and the importance of structuring these opportunities into the school day cannot be overestimated.

Sport is a tremendously important outlet for young people and an essential component of any health-promoting programme. Sports stars are mostly good role models and can motivate their fans to follow a healthy lifestyle. Educators can build on the admiration young people have for their sporting heroes and heroines by encouraging learners to participate in sport. Although competitive sport is important in setting goals and developing team spirit and leadership, it is more important that young people do sport for the enjoyment of it without feeling under pressure to perform. A healthy body is conducive to a healthy mind and spirit and ultimately contributes to the general health of a school or community.

  • Youth involved in sport, music and art often have:
    • An improved self-image and body awareness;
    • Better communication skills;
    • An increased ability to use energy purposefully;
    • Reduced abusive and disruptive behaviour;
    • Better interaction with peers and others;
    • Increased independence and self-direction;
    • Improved creativity and imagination;
    • Better emotional expression and adjustment.
  • Examples of healthy activities:
    • Reading;
    • Philosophy group;
    • Scouts and guides;
    • Family planning and teenage mothers group;
    • Gardening and growing vegetables;
    • Sport;
    • Drama;
    • Music / choir;
    • Chess;
    • Debating;
    • Ballet;
    • Youth club involvement;
    • First aid training;
    • Environmental club;
    • Small business development.
  • Helpful National Contact Numbers
    • Sport for All develops sports facilities in townships.
      Tel: + 27 87 820 4030
      Web site:
    • SchoolNet SA
      Helps develop the capacity of learners.
      Tel: (011) 403 5777
      Web site:
    • Super Sport Let’s Play
      Their aim is to elevate awareness of our social situation and to introduce and encourage play, activity and sport in schools and at home.
    • READ Education Trust provides books with educational value to all grades.
      Tel: +27 87 237 7781
      Web site:
    • Girl Guides Association of South Africa
      Gives girls the opportunity to develop life and leadership skills while having fun.
      Tel: (011) 795 3767
      Web site:
    • SA Scout Association
      Develops in young people spiritual awareness, respect for others and a willingness to serve the community through physical activity and mental challenges.
      Tel: 0860 726 887
      Web site:
    • Southern African Association of Youth Clubs
      Youth service organisation aiming to improve quality of life of South African youth by offering youth enhancement programmes, advocacy and networking.
      Tel: (011) 674 5485
      Web site:


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